Hal – Hal yang dilakukan untuk mengamankan Sistem Informasi

*Untuk mengamankan sustu Sistem Informasi yang perlu dilindungi, adalah  :

1. Prepare a project plan merupakan perncanaan proyek untuk tinjauan keamanan. meliputi;
a. Tujuan Review
b. Ruang Lingkup (Scope) Review
c. Tugas yang harus dipenuhi
d. Organisasi dari Tim Proyek
e. Sumber Anggaran (Pendanaan) dan
f. Jadwal untuk Menyelesaikan Tugas

2. identify assets atau identifikasi kekayaan, meliputi beberapa kategori asset, yaitu;
a. Personnel (end users, analyst, programmers, operators, clerks, Guards)
b. Hardware (Mainfarme, minicomputer, microcomputer, disk, printer,
communication lines, concentrator, terminal)
c. Fasilitas (Furniture, office space, computer rrom, tape storage rack)
d. Dokumentasi (System and program doc.,database doc.,standards plans,
insurance policies, contracts)
e. Persediaan (Negotiable instrument, preprinted forms, paper, tapes, cassettes)
f. Data/Informasi (Master files, transaction files, archival files)
g. Software Aplikasi (Debtors, creditors, payroll, bill-of-materials, sales, inventory)
h. Sistem Software (Compilers, utilities, DBMS, OS, Communication Software,
Spreadsheets)

3. value assets atau penilaian kekayaan. Parker
merupakan cara penilaian atas kekayaan yang hilang (lost), waktu periode untuk perhitungan atas hilangnya kekayaan, dan umur asset.
4. identity threats atau identifikasi ancaman-ancaman,
Sumber ancaman External :
1. Nature / Acts of God
2. H/W Suppliers
3. S/W Suppliers
4. Contractors
5. Other Resource Suppliers
6. Competitors (sabotage, espionage, lawsuits, financial distress through
fair or unfair competition)
7. Debt and Equity Holders
8. Unions (strikes, sabotage,harassment)
9. Governments
10. Environmentalist (Harassment (gangguan), unfavorable publicity)
11. Criminals/hackers (theft, sabotage, espionage, extortion)
Sumber ancaman Internal :
1. Management, contoh kesalahan dalam penyediaan sumber daya, perencanaan dan control yang tidak cukup.
2. Employee, contoh Errors, Theft (pencurian), Fraud (penipuan), sabotase,
extortion (pemerasan), improper use of service (penggunaan layanan yg tidak sah)
3. Unreliable system, contoh Kesalahan H/W, kesalahan S/W, kesalahan fasilitas.
5. assess likehood or threats atau penilaian kemungkinan ancaman.
6. analysize exposure.
Tahap analisis ekspose terdiri dari 4 tugas yaitu :
1. Identification of the controls in place
2. Assessment of the reliability of the controls in place
3. Evaluation of the likelihood that a threat incident will be successful
4. Assess the resulting loss if the threat is successful
7. Ajust Contols
8. Prepare Security Repor

sumber  :

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